This book presents and discusses research in the study of breast cancer diagnosis and prevention. Topics discussed include strategies for the prevention of breast cancer; health benefits and breast cancer screenings; access to mammography facilities; the reduction in the risk of human breast cancer by selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors and breast cancer perceptions and knowledge among women living in a rural community.
From the early 80s of the past century, clinical and epidemiological studies have increasingly pointed to an elevated breast, endometrial and ovarian cancer risk from high circulating oestrogen levels. Oestrogen deficiency as a cancer risk factor emerged first in 2007 in a study on Hungarian oral cancer cases based on the gender and age-related differences in tumour prevalence. Critical re-evaluation of the contradictory results of hormone replacement therapy yielded a complete conversion that oestrogen deficiency may confer cancer initiation. This book examines the deleterious interactions between oestrogen deficiency and further hormonal disorders which illuminate the apparently controversial associations of obesity, light exposure and alcohol intake with breast cancer risk.