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Citation Guide

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Plagiarism Defined

"Plagiarism... is the uncredited use (both intentional and unintentional) of somebody else's words or ideas" (Stolley, Allen, & Paiz).

Citation for this box: Stolley, Karl, Allen Brizee, and Joshua M. Paiz. "Overview and Contradictions." Purdue OWL. 2013. 

Academic Integrity Policy Excerpt on Plagiarism


Academic dishonesty includes but is not necessarily limited to the following…


The unacknowledged, undocumented presentation of words or ideas which are the intellectual property of another as one’s own.

1. Direct quotation, that is, even a few of the exact words of a source, must be indicated by the use of quotation marks or indentation of the text and be properly documented.

2. Passages which parallel the thought or expression of the source, even without using the same words, must be properly documented.”

This box is a quotation directly from Caldwell's Academic Integrity Policy.

Citation for this box: “Academic Integrity Policy.” Undergraduate Catalog 2013-2014. Caldwell University. Caldwell University, 2013. 

When to Cite

Keep in mind these are items that need to be cited:

  • Words or ideas presented in a magazine, book, newspaper, song, TV program, movie, Web page, computer program, letter, advertisement, or any other medium
  • Information you gain through interviewing or conversing with another person, face to face, over the phone, or in writing
  • When you copy the exact words or a unique phrase
  • When you reprint any diagrams, illustrations, charts, pictures, or other visual materials
  • When you reuse or repost any media, including images, audio, video, etc.

This list was adapted from a list published by Purdue OWL. We definitely need to cite it.

Citation for this box: Stolley, Karl, Allen Brizee, and Joshua M. Paiz."Is It Plagiarism Yet?" Purdue OWL, 2013.